Chat with us, powered by LiveChat The overview of the first three modules of this course will lead you into an exploration of various educational philosophies. ?Traditional philosophies, modern and post-modern philosoph - Wridemy Bestessaypapers

The overview of the first three modules of this course will lead you into an exploration of various educational philosophies. ?Traditional philosophies, modern and post-modern philosoph

 The overview of the first three modules of this course will lead you into an exploration of
various educational philosophies.  Traditional philosophies, modern and post-modern
philosophies, as well as educational theories of transformation and transmission will all be
studied along with their corresponding personalities.  This assignment will give you the
opportunity to organize the essential components of each of these major educational philosophies
and to compare these components against one another.  The result will be an invaluable tool in
your educational toolbox for years to come.
INSTRUCTIONS
Using the Gutek textbook, the Jerry Falwell library, and any other research databases to complete
the empty white cells in the accompanying template. Your responses in each column should
reflect the beliefs about that category according to the specific philosophy for that section. This
will assist you in comparing the various philosophies. Ensure that the major principles of each
philosophy are clarified. Key words, phrases, and short sentences will suffice. Lengthy
paragraphs are unnecessary. The textbook aligns with the matrix chronologically, so you will
find the information as you read through the book. Much of this information is clear in the text.
For a few of the philosophies near the end of the matrix, however, you may need to make some
inferences based on the information you read. The following list is to help you consider what
should be written in each column.
 Metaphysics = What is reality/truth? What is purpose and meaning in life?
 Epistemology = Is it possible to know reality/truth? If so, how?
 Axiology = What values should be developed in education?
 Learner’s Nature = What is the role of the learner? What is the human condition?
Good? Bad? Neutral? What learner factors should be considered in education?
 Teacher’s Role = What is the most effective approach the teacher should take?
 Curricular Focus = What content is most important?
 Methodology = What pedagogical strategies are most effective?
 Criticisms = What do opponents of this philosophy/theory say about it? 

books used:  

Gutek, G. (2014). Philosophical, Ideological, and Theoretical perspectives on Education (2 ed.) Pearson. ISBN: 9780132852388.

Liberty University Custom: Slavin, R. E., & Schunk, D.H. (2021). Learning Theories. (3rd ed.). Pearson. ISBN: 9780136956334.

SAMPLE – Philosophy Matrix – SAMPLE There are many ways to complete the philosophy matrix acceptably. Below are two examples of

the section on idealism. Both of these students chose to write in complete sentences. However, if

the ideas are understandable, clear phrases will do. IDEALISM (Plato)

Metaphysics Epistemology Axiology Learner’s

Nature

Teacher’s

Role

Curricular

Focus Methodology Criticisms

Truth lies in

the realm of

ideas.

Knowing truth

requires that it

fit into a

harmonious

nature of the

universe.

Developing a

system of

truth, and

focus on

goodness and

beauty.

A desire to

strive for

perfection –

always works

to capacity.

Priority to

living in

harmony and

focus on

good.

To pass on

knowledge of

reality and to

be an example

of the ethical

ideal.

Teacher

initiates

discussions.

Curriculum is

formed

around

subjects that

bring students

into contact

with ideas. It

has a strong

humanities

focus.

Strong focus

on words in

written or

spoken form.

Verbal

lecture,

discussions,

and reading in

the library.

Seen as an

“ivory tower

experience,”

with emphasis

on the ideas of

the past and

the focus on

preserving

heritage rather

than learning

for change.

IDEALISM (Plato)

Metaphysics Epistemology Axiology Learner’s

Nature

Teacher’s

Role

Curricular

Focus

Methodology Criticisms

Pure ideas

beyond the

realm of

physical

senses. Only

perceived

through

intellect.

Truth is a

priori.

Absolute

Mind.

Consistent

with

harmonious

nature of the

universe.

Realm of

Macrocosm=

Absolute Self.

Microcosm=

earthly

individual.

Individual

must try to be

like Absolute

Self. In

accordance

Intellect is

key. Mental

development

of learner.

Learner

strives to be

more like

Absolute Self.

Strives for

perfection.

Teacher is

closer to

Absolute than

are students.

Teacher

models what

students

should try to

be. Pass on

knowledge,

Humanities

such as

history and

literature.

Mathematics

(based on a

priori

principles).

Bring students

into contact

Transfer of

knowledge

(ideas)

through

written or

spoken words.

Lecture or

reading in

library.

Discussions

School is a

sustainer of

status quo

(focus on

unchanging

universal

ideas). Ivory

tower

experience

that fails to

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ideas, not

detected by

senses, only

thought.

with

Universal

Moral Law

(ie: God).

Human

condition is

good.

help students

become closer

to Absolute

Self.

with ideas. about ideas.

No field trips

or practical

skills taught

address

practical day

to day aspects

of human life.

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,

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Philosophy Matrices Template

(The names beside each philosophy are just for reference to help you connect the philosophy with specific philosophers.)

Traditional Philosophies

IDEALISM (Plato)

Metaphysics

Epistemology

Axiology

Learner’s Nature

Teacher’s Role

Curricular Focus

Methodology

Criticisms

REALISM (Aristotle)

Metaphysics

Epistemology

Axiology

Learner’s Nature

Teacher’s Role

Curricular Focus

Methodology

Criticisms

NEO-SCHOLASTICISM (Thomas Aquinas)

Metaphysics

Epistemology

Axiology

Learner’s Nature

Teacher’s Role

Curricular Focus

Methodology

Criticisms

Modern Philosophies

PRAGMATISM (William James, John Dewey)

Metaphysics

Epistemology

Axiology

Learner’s Nature

Teacher’s Role

Curricular Focus

Methodology

Criticisms

EXISTENTIALISM (Nietzsche, Kierkegaard, Sartre, Heidegger, etc.)

Metaphysics

Epistemology

Axiology

Learner’s Nature

Teacher’s Role

Curricular Focus

Methodology

Criticisms

Contemporary Educational Theories for Transmission

PERENNIALISM (Adler, Hutchins, William Bennett, Allan Bloom, etc.)

Metaphysics

Epistemology

Axiology

Learner’s Nature

Teacher’s Role

Curricular Focus

Methodology

Criticisms

ESSENTIALISM (E.D. Hirsch)

Metaphysics

Epistemology

Axiology

Learner’s Nature

Teacher’s Role

Curricular Focus

Methodology

Criticisms

BEHAVIORISM (Skinner)

Metaphysics

Epistemology

Axiology

Learner’s Nature

Teacher’s Role

Curricular Focus

Methodology

Criticisms

Contemporary Educational Theories for Transformation

RECONSTRUCTIONISM (Counts)

Metaphysics

Epistemology

Axiology

Learner’s Nature

Teacher’s Role

Curricular Focus

Methodology

Criticisms

CRITICAL PEDAGOGY (Friere, Giroux, Noddings, Gloria Watkins [bell hooks], Peter McLaren, etc.)

This section might be a bit more challenging than the ones above. You are encouraged to supplement the textbook information with internet searches on the topic.

Metaphysics

Epistemology

Axiology

Learner’s Nature

Teacher’s Role

Curricular Focus

Methodology

Criticisms

CONSTRUCTIVISM (Piaget, Vygotsky, Constance Kamii, etc.)

This section might be a bit more challenging than the ones above. You are encouraged to supplement the textbook information with internet searches on the topic.

Metaphysics

Epistemology

Axiology

Learner’s Nature

Teacher’s Role

Curricular Focus

Methodology

Criticisms

Page 1 of 2

,

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Philosophy Matrices Assignment Instructions

Overview

The overview of the first three modules of this course will lead you into an exploration of various educational philosophies. Traditional philosophies, modern and post-modern philosophies, as well as educational theories of transformation and transmission will all be studied along with their corresponding personalities. This assignment will give you the opportunity to organize the essential components of each of these major educational philosophies and to compare these components against one another. The result will be an invaluable tool in your educational toolbox for years to come.

Instructions

Using the Gutek textbook, the Jerry Falwell library, and any other research databases to complete the empty white cells in the accompanying template. Your responses in each column should reflect the beliefs about that category according to the specific philosophy for that section. This will assist you in comparing the various philosophies. Ensure that the major principles of each philosophy are clarified. Key words, phrases, and short sentences will suffice. Lengthy paragraphs are unnecessary. The textbook aligns with the matrix chronologically, so you will find the information as you read through the book. Much of this information is clear in the text. For a few of the philosophies near the end of the matrix, however, you may need to make some inferences based on the information you read. The following list is to help you consider what should be written in each column.

· Metaphysics = What is reality/truth? What is purpose and meaning in life?

· Epistemology = Is it possible to know reality/truth? If so, how?

· Axiology = What values should be developed in education?

· Learner’s Nature = What is the role of the learner? What is the human condition? Good? Bad? Neutral? What learner factors should be considered in education?

· Teacher’s Role = What is the most effective approach the teacher should take?

· Curricular Focus = What content is most important?

· Methodology = What pedagogical strategies are most effective?

· Criticisms = What do opponents of this philosophy/theory say about it?

The template will be completed according to the following schedule:

Module: Week

Matrices

Module 1: Week 1

Matrices 1–3: Idealism, Realism, and Neo-Scholasticism

Module 2: Week 2

Matrices 4–5: Pragmatism and Existentialism

Module 3: Week 3

Matrices 6–11: Perennialism, Essentialism, Behaviorism, Reconstructionism, Critical Pedagogy, and Constructivism

Note: Y

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